Carol Griffiths

Associate Professor of ELT


Griffiths, C. & Tajeddin, Z. (Eds) (forthcoming). Lessons from Good Language Teachers. Edited volume with CUP.

Griffiths, C. & Soruç, A. (forthcoming). Individual Differences in Language Learning. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. 

2018. Griffiths, C. The Strategy Factor in Successful Language Learning (second edition): The Tornado Effect.   Bristol: Multilingual Matters)

2017. Dikilitas, K. & Griffiths, C. Action Research for Teacher Autonomy. Palgrave
2016. Cui, X. (Shirley), Li, L. (Angela) & Griffiths, C. Critical Thinking and Effective Writing. Beijing, China: Tsinghua University Press, Beijing, China)

2014, Special strategies edition of System, co-edited with Rebecca Oxford

2014. Ying, T. (Rose) & Griffiths, C. The Keys to Highly Effective English Learning. With Ying Tang (Rose). Shenzhen: Jiangxi Education Publishing House

2013.  The Strategy Factor in Successful Language Learning Monograph. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters. (Monograph)

2008. Lessons from Good Language Learners. Cambridge: CUP. (Edited volume)


​Griffiths, C. (2019). Language learning strategies: Is the baby still in the bathwater? Applied Linguistics (advance publication online)

​Griffiths, C., & Soruç, A. (2019). Contextual Differences regarding Students’ Perceptions of English as a Lingua Franca according to Subject Major and Nationality. Journal of Language Teaching and Learning. 9/1, 53-69

​Soruç, A. & Griffiths, C. (2018). An Examination of Psycholinguistic Variables among Learners of Turkish. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 14/3, 294-307. (Eric) (AIS)

​Tütüniş, B. & Griffiths, C. (2018). The relationship of metacognitive awareness of reading strategies to achievement. TTEd SIG Newsletter, Spring 2018, 4-5 

​Soruç, A. & Griffiths, C. (2018). English as a medium of instruction: students’ strategies. ELTJ. (SSCI)

​Yıldız, M.,  Soruç, A. & Griffiths, C.  (2017). Challenges and needs of students in the EMI (English as a medium of instruction) Classroom. Konin Language Studies, 5/4, 387-402

Soruç, A., Griffiths, C. Okur, A. (2017). Characteristics of Learners of Turkish: Motivation, Investment, Beliefs, Autonomy and Strategies. The Journal of Language Teaching and Learning, 7/2, 166-176. (ESCI)

Çetin, Y., Bahar, M. & Griffiths, C. (2017). International students’ views on local culture: Turkish view. Journal of International Students, 7/3, 467-485. (ERIC, ProQuest, Scopus)

Griffiths, C. (2016). Strategies for developing English language writing skills – overall and individual perspectives. Asian EFL, 18/3, 85-103. (SCOPUS)

Griffiths, C. & Incecay, G. (2016). Styles and Style-Stretching: How are They Related to Successful Learning? Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 45/3, 599-613. DOI: 10.1007/s10936-015-9366-2. (SSCI)

Çetin, Y., Griffiths, C., Özel, Z. & Kinay, H. (2016). Affective Overload: The Effect of Emotive Visual Stimuli on Target Vocabulary Retrieval. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. 45/2, 275-285. ISSN: 0090-6905 (Print) 1573-6555 (Online).  DOI 10.1007/s10936-014-9344-0. (SSCI)

Sonmez, G. & Griffiths, C. (2015). Correcting grammatical errors in university-level foreign language students’ written work. Konin Language Studies, 3/1, 57-74

Griffiths, C. & Cansiz, G. (2015). Language learning strategies: an holistic view.  Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 5/3, 475-495. (ERIC, ESCI)   

Griffiths, C. (2015). What have we learnt from good language learners? ELTJ. DOI:10.1093/elt/ccv040. (SSCI)

Griffiths, C. (2015). Language learning strategy instruction. Journal of Applied Linguistics, (GALA) 29, 36-49. ISSN: 2408-025X

Cohen, A. & Griffiths, C. (2015). Revisiting Language Learning Strategy Research 40 years later. TESOL Quarterly, 49/2, 414-429.  ISSN: 1545-7249 DOI: 10.1002/tesolq.225. (SSCI)

Soruç, A. & Griffiths, C. (2015). Identity and the spoken grammar dilemma. System, 50, 32-42. (SSCI)
Musa, S.,  Ziatdinov, R., Sozcu, O. & Griffiths, C. (2015). Developing educational computer animation based on human personality types. European Journal of Contemporary Education, 11/1, 52-71. (WoS, ERIC)

Griffiths, C. & Tang, Y. (2015). Language learning strategies and successful language learning. Foreign Language Teaching & Research in Basic Education: 基础教育外语教学研究, 168, 47-51. ISSN 1009-6027 and CN22-1387/G4

Griffiths, C. & Oxford, R. (2014). Twenty-first century landscape of language learning strategies. System, 43, 1-10. DOI: 10/1016/j.system.2013.12.009. (SSCI)

Griffiths, C., Oxford, R., Kawai, Y., Kawai, C., Park, Y., Ma, X., Meng, Y. & Yang, N. (2014). Focus on context: Narratives from East Asia. System, 43, 50-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.system.2013.12.013. (SSCI)  

Oxford, R., Griffiths, C., Longhini. A., Cohen, A., Macaro, E., Harris, V. (2014). Experts’ personal metaphors and similies about language learning strategies. System, 43, 11-29. (SSCI)

Sari, I., Griffiths, C. & Ülgü, S. (2014). Approaches and methods in ELT: Learner perspectives. Journal of Teaching and Education, 3/1, 175-185. (ISSN: 1944-6934)

Ülgü, S., Griffiths, C. & Sari, I. (2013). Error correction in language teaching: The teachers’ perspective. International Journal of Arts and Sciences, 6/3, 229-241

Griffiths, C. (2012). Focus on the teacher. ELTJ, 66/4, 468-476 (SSCI)

Zhou, C. & Griffiths, C. (2011). Intercultural communicative competence. English Language and Literature Studies, 1/2, 113-122. (Google Scholar)

Griffiths, C. (2011). The traditional/communicative dichotomy, ELTJ, 65/3, 300-308 (SSCI)

Griffiths, C., Raman, T. & Mannes, M. (2011). Have I offended you? Appropriate nonverbal communication in the international classroom, Journal of International Education and Business, 3, 7-29.

Griffiths, C. (2010). Strategies of Successful Language Learners, Journal of English Language Studies, 3, 1-18

Griffiths, C. (2008). Learning successfully in a target language environment, TESOLANZ Journal, 16, 34-43

Griffiths, C. (2007). Language learning strategies: students’ and teachers’ perceptions, English Language Teaching Journal, 61, 91-99. (SSCI)

Griffiths, C. (2006). Strategies for successful learning in an English-speaking environment, Journal of Asia TEFL, 3/2, 141-163.  (SCOPUS, ESCI)

Griffiths, C. (2006). How good language learners learn to speak, ELTAI (English Language Teaching Association of India) Journal, 44/1, 3-13.

Griffiths, C. (2006). Strategy development and progress in language learning, Prospect 21/3, 58-76. (ERIC)

Griffiths, C. (2006). Reflections of a ‘mature’ language learner, ELTA Newsletter (Germany), 17/4, 13-14. (Reprinted from TESOLANZ Newsletter 15/2, and IATEFL articles bank)

Griffiths, C. (2003). Patterns of language learning strategy use, System, 31, 367-383. (SSCI, ERIC Index)
Griffiths, C. & Parr, J. (2001). Language learning strategies: Theory and perception, ELT Journal, 55, 247-254. (SSCI)

Griffiths, C. & Parr, J. (2001). Strategies for success: how language learning strategies relate to proficiency in language learning, Many Voices, 17, 27-31

Griffiths, C. & Parr, J. (2000). Language learning strategies, nationality, independence and proficiency, Independence, 28, 7-10


 Chamot, A., Harris, V., Nyikos, M., Griffiths, C., Gunning, P., Rubin, J. & Tutuniș, B. (forthcoming). Preparing Teachers for LLSI and Involving Them in Research. In A. Chamot & V. Harris (Eds), Learning Strategy Instruction in the Language Classroom: Issues and Implementation

​Griffiths, C. (2019). Epilogue. In A. Hajar, International Students’ Challenges, Strategies and Future Vision (197-200). Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters

Griffiths, C. (2018) How individual differences relate to successful strategy use: self-regulated language learners round the world. In R. Oxford and C. Amerstorfer (eds) Situated Strategy Use: Language Learning Strategies and Individual Learner Characteristics (pp.55-73). London: Bloomsbury.

 Griffiths, C. & Soruç, A. (2018). Learning language as Adults. In Richards, J. & Burns, A. (eds), The Cambridge Guide to Second Language Learning. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Soruç A., Dinler A. & Griffiths C. (2018). Listening Comprehension Strategies of EMI Students in Turkey. In: Kırkgöz Y. & Dikilitaş K. (Eds) Key Issues in English for Specific Purposes in Higher Education (265-287). English Language Education, vol 11. Cham: Springer

 Griffiths, C. & Soruç, A. (2017). ‘It doesn’t reflect my identity’: learner reactions to ‘natural’ English. In T. Pattison (Ed.), IATEFL 2016 Birmingham Conference Selections (pp.148-150). Faversham: IATEFL

 Griffiths, C. & Inceçay, G. (2016). New Directions in Language Learning Strategy Research: Engaging with the Complexity of Strategy Use. In Gkonou, C., Tatzl, D. & and Mercer, S. (Eds), New Directions in Language Learning Psychology (pp.25-38). Berlin: Springer.   

Griffiths, C. (2014). Both sides now: Reflections on Korea. In R. Oxford (Ed.), Understanding Peace Cultures (pp.323-334). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing

Musa, S; Ziatdinov, R; Griffiths, C. (2013). Introduction to computer animation and its possible educational applications. In M. Gallová, J. Gunčaga, Z. Chanasová, M.M. Chovancová (Eds.), New Challenges in Education. Retrospection of history of education to the future in the interdisciplinary dialogue among didactics of various school subjects (1st ed., pp. 177-205). Ružomberok, Slovakia: VERBUM – vydavateľstvo Katolíckej univerzity v Ružomberku. Available online at:

Griffiths, C. (2012). Learning Styles: Traversing the Quagmire. In S. Mercer, S. Ryan & M. Williams (Eds), Language Learning Psychology: Research, Theory & Pedagogy (pp.151-168). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan

Zhou, C. & Griffiths, C. (2012). Quantitative and qualitative perspectives on individual differences in error correction preferences. In M. Pawlak (Ed.), New perspectives on Individual Differences in Language Learning and Teaching (pp.305-317). Berlin: Springer

Griffiths, C. (2010). Strategies for Asian Students Learning in a Target Language Environment: Patterns of Success. In F. Anderson, Y. Ma and N. Tarling (eds.), The English Language and the Asian Student (pp.206-253). Shandong, China: Shandong University Press

Zhou, C & Griffiths, C. (2009). Individual differences in error correction preferences. In M. Pawlak (ed.). New perspectives on individual differences in language learning and teaching (pp.305-318). Poznań – Kalisz: Adam Mickiewicz University Press.

Griffiths, C. (2008). Age and good language learners. In C. Griffiths (Ed.), Lessons from Good Language Learners (pp.35-48). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Griffiths, C. (2008). Strategies and good language learners. In C. Griffiths (Ed.), Lessons from Good Language Learners (pp.83-98). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Griffiths, C. (2008). Teaching/learning method and good language learners. In C. Griffiths (Ed.), Lessons from Good Language Learners (pp.255-265). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Roberts, M. & Griffiths, C. (2008). Error correction and good language learners. In C. Griffiths (Ed.), Lessons from Good Language Learners (pp.282-293). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Griffiths, C. (2008). Strategies for success in international examinations. In A. Burns &  J. Burton (Eds.), Language teacher research in Australia and New Zealand (pp. 85-100). Alexandria: TESOL.

Griffiths, C. & Zhou, C. (2008). Researching error correction in China: Procedure, product and pitfalls. In M. Pawlak (Ed.) Investigating English Language Learning and Teaching (pp.127-137).. Poznań–Kalisz: Adam Mickiewicz University Press.

Takeuchi, O., Griffiths, C. & Coyle, D. (2007). Applying strategies to contexts: the role of individual and situational differences. In A. Cohen & E. Macaro (Eds) Language Learner Strategies (pp.69-92). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Griffiths, C. (1998). The Grammar Dilemma. In J. Richards (Ed.) Teaching in Action (pp.374-377).  Washington: TESOL,

Griffiths, C. (1997). Time Lines. In M. Lewis (Ed.) New Ways in Teaching Adults (pp.102-104). Washington: TESOL,

Griffiths, C. (1994). Twenty Questions. In P. Nation (Ed.) New Ways in Teaching Vocabulary (p.86). Washington: TESOL


Özkan Bicer & Carol Griffiths (February, 2017) Lesson plan: “Wuthering Heights”.

 Griffiths, C. (August, 2016). Using literature in the language classroom: an integrated approach.

 Nasher, S. & Griffiths, C. (August, 2016). Lesson plan: “The Kite Runner”.

 Ebru Suna & Carol Griffiths (October, 2016). Lesson plan: “Annabel Lee”.

 Griffiths, C. & Tang, Y. (2016). Strategy Training for Effective Learning in Foreign Language Teaching. HLTmag, 18/1.

Griffiths, C. & Alymidin, J, (2015, 17/1). Using narratives to prepare an integrated skills lesson in ELT: Black June.

Griffiths, C. & Alymidin, J.  (2014,16/4). Using narratives to present an integrated approach to the development of target language skills and linguistic knowledge: The Nail Clippers.

Griffiths, C. (2008, Apr). Student voices (2).

Griffiths, C. (2008, Apr). Lessons from good language learners – preview.

Griffiths, C. (2008, Aug). Student voices – changing perspectives.

Griffiths, C. (2008, Dec). Eggs & scrambled bacon: A different world?

Griffiths, C. (2007, Sept). Student voices.

Griffiths, C. (2007, Nov). Student voices – embarrassing moments.

Griffiths, C. & Jordan, D. (2005). Strategies for success in IELTS, CRIE (Centre for Research in International Education) website,

Griffiths, C. (2004, Feb). Language learning strategies: Theory and research, CRIE (Centre for Research in International Education) website,

Griffiths, C. (2004, May). The case of the hybrid umbrella: A study of case studies, CRIE (Centre for Research in International Education) website,

Griffiths, C. (2004, Aug). Studying in English: Language skills development, CRIE (Centre for Research in International Education) website,

Griffiths, C., Prasad, R., Mannes, M., Ahmed, J. & Sandhu, R. (2004, Oct). Adjusting teaching style and practice to accommodate the needs of international students, CRIE (Centre for Research in International Education) website,

Griffiths, C. (2003). Language learning strategy use and proficiency (PhD thesis),

Griffiths, C. (2002). Using reading as a strategy for teaching and learning language, ERIC database of educational documents,


Griffiths, C. & Soruç, A. (2017). It doesn’t reflect my identity: learner reactions to “natural” English. IATEFL Selections

Griffiths, C. & Zhou, C. (Jan 2014). The role of strategies in successful teaching and learning. Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Education and Management (ICAEM), Beijing, China, Jan 4-5. DEStech Publications, Inc.  ISBN: 978-1-60595-153-9. Pp. 76-80.

Griffiths, C. (2013). Dynamic strategies. In Online Proceedings of 6th International FELT Conference “Target Language Development as a Dynamic Phenomenon”.

 Griffiths, C. (2012) Using songs in the language classroom. Procedia – Social and Behavioural Sciences (Elsevier).

Griffiths, C. & Özgür, B. (2013). Second language motivation. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Volume 70, 1109-1114

Griffiths, C., Cohen, A., Mercer, S. & Tsai, B. (2011). The Good Language Learner, IATEFL Conference Selections, 36-39

Griffiths, C. (2010). The Good Language Learner – Essential Characteristics, ETAI Forum, 22/1, 50-53


Griffiths, C. (2015). Review of Dörnyei, Z., MacIntyre, P. & Henry, A. (Eds) (2015). Motivational Dynamics in Language Learning. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters for Applied Linguistics.

Griffiths, C. (2011). Narrative Identity in English Language Teaching * Narratives of Learning and Teaching. ELT Journal, 65, 209-213 (SSCI Index)

Griffiths, C. (2008). Review of English language teaching in China: New approaches, perspectives and standards, J. Liu, (Ed.) (2007). London & New York: Continuum. In TESOLANZ Journal.

Griffiths, C. (1998). Review of Ethnic New Zealand: Towards cultural understanding. In Many Voices, 12, 20

Griffiths, C. (1993). Review of Classroom Observation Tasks, R. Wajnryb. In Many Voices, 6, 32-33